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Faces of Identity

Solo Exhibition, Didrichsen Art Museum, Helsinki, 2016




9 SEPTEMBER 2016 - 29 JANUARY 2017

The first extensive survey of Lionel Smit's solo exhibition opens at the Didrichsen Art Museum is an art museum in Helsinki on 9 September.

Lionel Smit's work is presented in Finland for the first time with the show FACES OF IDENTITY. Each of Lionel Smit’s works offers us an entry point into the variety and richness that lies beneath every face we encounter in life, whether applied in bronze or in paint. The blending of techniques across genres is a display of Smit’s work in multiple media, all bearing visible overlap.

His paintings start with abstract lines and swaths of colour that establish a base for the subsequently overlaid image of a face or bust – in most cases posed by anonymous models from the Cape Malay community. For Smit, the Cape Malay woman epitomises hybrid identity within a South African context, and reflects the disintegrating construction of identity within our increasingly globalised world.

Singular Formation #2, 2016, Oil on Linen, 190 x 190cm

Singular Formation #2, 2016, Oil on Linen, 190 x 190cm

Singular Formation #4, 2016, Oil on Linen, 190 x 190cm

Singular Formation #4, 2016, Oil on Linen, 190 x 190cm

Smit continues his visual and tactile exploration of hybrid identity and its ever changing and emerging nature within South Africa’s psycho-social landscape. While retaining all their austerity and peaceful aesthetic, Smit’s figures remain highly charged with the emotive and gestural energy of his creative process.

Multiple essays were written in conjunction with this exhibition. Read them here.

Lionel Smit’s Faces Didrichsen Art Museum by HOC

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Didrichsen Art Museum Helsinki

Helsinki’s Didrichsen Art Museum grew out of a passion for art. When Marie-Louise and Gunnar Didrichsen added a wing to their sleek, modernist villa – a building designed by the Finnish architect, Viljo Revell – they sought to create a space that would bring the art they loved to future generations of Finns. Since its opening, the gallery’s rich historic holdings have combined with an ambitious programme of temporary exhibitions to create one of the most unique and important art spaces in Finland’s capital.

To reach the museum, one must cross the serene waters of the Laajalahti Bay, and, on a good day, catch the warmth of the sun as it filters through the rank of pines that overlook the clean lines of the Didrichsen’s surfaces. The collection is a mix of local and international, contemporary and heritage works. Legér still-lifes and Giacomettis share space with giants artists from the Finnish pantheon like Eila Hiltunen and Eero Hiironen. As Finnish artists rarely get the kind of sustained attention they deserve outside of their home country, the Didrichsen provides an excellent introduction to a tradition marked by a deep organicism and a fierce commitment to modernity.

One of the true highlights of a trip to the Didrichsen is its collection of pre-Columbian art. These works are housed in the lower level of the gallery, a low-slung room with crepuscular lighting that creates a sense of reverence and awe. There is something incongruous about standing face to face with figures from Mesoamerica in the middle of a modernist art space in Helsinki, but the feeling of cultural vertigo is underwritten by an exquisite eye for detail and curatorial integrity. Particularly entrancing is a clay figure from the Olmec culture, the first known civilisation to emerge in the territory of contemporary Mexico, depicting a double-faced human head. The faces converge on a central eye in ways that the European viewer may, perhaps, associate with the aesthetics of surrealism, but, of course, the Olmecs reached their cultural zenith more than 1 000 years before the Common Era. To look into the three eyes of the head is to confront a human heritage that is unreachably distant yet also somehow palpable and immediate.

“The Didrichsen Museum building and extension (1957 and 1964) was designed by architect Viljo Revell of Toronto City Hall fame and offers modern architecture, art and a sculpture park by the sea. The Museum has the largest collection of Henry Moore in the Nordic countries. ”

The museum is also home to the only public sculpture park in Helsinki. The park brings together work by international icons of modernist sculpture like Henry Moore as well as by pioneering Finnish artists like Laila Pullinen and contemporary Finns including Eero Hiironen. The park strikes a meditative balance between solitude and human presence. As you walk among the wildflowers and trees, the sculptures feel less like an imposition on nature than an extension of the surrounding ecology. Looking out over the sea by the pier that defines the boundaries of both the garden and the island there is a pervasive sense of both the isolation of the location, but also of a potential to reach out and make contact with the wider world. The Didrichsen’s interiors and holdings demonstrate how profound that connection has been, and how enduring. William Kherbek is the writer of the novel Ecology of Secrets (2013, Arcadia Missa) and the forthcoming UltraLife (2016, Arcadia Missa). His art journalism has appeared in a number of publications in the UK, US, Germany, Switzerland and Romania.

William Kherbek - Writer of the novel Ecology of Secrets (2013, Arcadia Missa) & Ultralife (2016, Arcadia Missa)

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